Water-based paints vs Solvent-based paints What should you choose

Vinodhini Harish

15 Apr 2024
The world is looking for opportunities to reduce the environmental impact and looking for ways to adopt sustainable manufacturing practices. What is the latest trend in the paints industry? You may ask. Well, there is a huge transition taking place in the paint industry and it is remarkable. Water-based paints are becoming the new standard and addition to that line of bringing sustainable products. The solvent-based coatings are more hazardous and less beneficial too. Thus the transition to water-based paints has become the most crucial step in healing the global environment. This article is all about how the industrial sectors are moving towards water-based paints and how India has made necessary efforts towards it. We have also discussed about India’s first water-based paint thus let’s begin.

The massive transition of Indian paint companies:

If you haven’t heard of this news, here you go! Indian companies are in this massive transition from solvent-based paints to water-based paints. This phase of transition is backed by so much passion towards their goal to balance sustainability and performance.

It is not very often that we hear that sustainable products offer much performance, but these water-based paints are overtaking the solvent-based conventional paints in performance.

Water-based paints can be used on a variety of surfaces such as wood, metal and plasters. Overall they can be used in areas where the traditional oil-based paints are recommended and not to be used in the areas where the oil-based paints are not.

Although there are a few drawbacks with water-based paints in comparison to solvent-based ones, such as desirable coatings, might not be suitable for heavy-duty applications and smooth and glossy finishes, these water-based paints are still hugely adopted for several projects.

For over 20 years now, government regulators have been bringing in stringent regulations in terms of compounds used in solvent-based coatings. The VOC substances that are present in these solvent-based coatings are highly toxic to both human health and the environment. The restrictions in the usage of VOC substances across these paints further drive the growth of water-based paints.

JSW Paints launched the Aquaglo range as India’s first water-based paints for wood and metal surfaces:

This new launch in India focuses on consumers' health and is suitable for consumers with specific health conditions. The solvent-based paints tend to pollute the environment with their unhealthy fumes post-application and they are not a healthier option for the environment too.

Therefore consumers who are highly conscious about environmental wellness are inclined towards this Halo Aquaglo range.

JSW paints have incorporated Zn2+ ion technology into the formulation to add more impact on the anti-microbial properties. Now, these ions tend to release gradually over time after the paint application, which possesses antimicrobial properties.

On the other hand, when the paint is applied on the designated surface, these zinc ions act as a deterrent to microbial growth as they interrupt the cellular processing of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, mould and so on. Therefore these microbes lose their potential to thrive and reproduce.

Additionally, the germ Block Zn2+ technology carries forward the same efficacy throughout remains intact on the target surface and works well over the years. Therefore, it ensures a safe environment for the residents, especially highly beneficial for consumers who are allergic to respiratory irritants and those who possess immunity-related conditions.

To speak about its performance, there is no compromise in terms of aesthetics and performance. Overall this water-based paint delivers superior and durable protection to any kind of surface.

Key benefits to consider: Water-based paint- Perfect for exterior use:

Water-based paints perform very well on exterior applications and they are more resistant to UV rays and stay in place for longer periods. The flexibility factor moves the substrate here and there according to the changing weather conditions, especially when it adapts to the changing weather conditions, making it work well for exterior applications. Whereas the oil-based paints break down quickly in UV light and develop a chalky appearance as there is no flexibility in it, thus it don’t expand or contract rather they crack.


Paints should be chosen based on the requirements of the project, however, changing regulations and increasing awareness among consumers are stimulating the growth of the water-based paints. Hence we immensely appreciate the JSW paints for introducing the first, safe, water-based paint that is compatible with varied surfaces.


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